1. Tulum is an amazing Mayan archeological site that overlooks the majestic Caribbean Sea. It is unique in the world for its beauty, spectacular location and cultural value.
2. The original name of the site was Zama, meaning dawn. Tulum, which means enclosure or wall, is the name that was given following the discovery of this Mayan archeological site.
3. Its strategic setting on the coast and unavoidable location along an established trade route, made Tulum a commercial maritime empire, and also led to the exploitation of marine resources off the coast of Quintana Roo.
4. Tulum served as a school of astronomy for the visiting nobility of Aztec, Zapotec and other dominant ancient civilizations at the time of its splendor.
5. Tulum was dedicated to the planet Venus and it's constructed around an astronomical tower with obsidian mirrors to project the sky and decipher the writing of the stars. The main buildings are the El Castillo Pyramid, the Temple of the Descending God and the Temple of the Frescoes.
6. The site is located within an area known as Tulum National Park, which was founded in 1981 to preserve the richness of its plant and animal life, including red mangroves, chechen trees and chit palms, as well as shoveler ducks, spider monkeys, armadillos, iguanas, squirrels, and white and loggerhead sea turtles that nest on the beaches of the park.
7. It is the only natural protected area along the Cancun-Tulum tourist corridor and a water-rich region that contributes the largest amount of fresh water to the ocean. Tulum is also known for iconic underground rivers and amazing cenotes that are located in the vicinity, such as Cenote Dos Ojos, Gran Cenote and Cenote Cristal, among others. They were considered sacred to the Maya and are linked to traditions, ceremonies and Mayan legends.
8. It’s a tourist destination with warm starry nights and a quiet hotel zone with a variety of hotels, restaurants and bars, relaxing spas and a bohemian atmosphere, where many tourists get around on foot or by bike.
Find out many other things you can do in Tulum by clicking on this video below:
Eight Things You Should Know Before Visiting Tulum
- Nadia Pulido